Aug 8, 2012 - 10:03 AM
I can't answer your first question; I've never seen dates posted as it all seems very weather-dependent. They try to leave the cows up high as long as they can. Sometimes they come down in early Sept, sometimes October. Hopefully someone else has a better answer!
As to your second question, no, you can't just put up a tent anywhere. Strange that the tourist site told you that. Most all of the land in the area is privately owned. Camping is only allowed in designated campsites. There is a nice one called Camping Jungfrau just outside of Lauterbrunnen. http://www.camping-jungfrau.ch/en/ueber_uns/default.asp. I believe this one is open year round
This is a quite large facility. There is a smaller one outside of Stechelberg, just a couple of miles down the road called Camping Rütti. http://www.campingruetti.ch/defaulte.htm. This one is only open May - September