Facts about Switzerland

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Tourist must knows about Switzerland

  • The weather varies greatly by the season, altitude and location;
  • High season is from late June to August and late December to March;
  • The best activities in the Alps are mountain top visits, scenic train rides and hiking.
Engadine house in Chamues-ch

Typical Engadine house, decorated for the national festivities of August 1.

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Key facts about Switzerland

  • Location: Central Europe
  • Population: 8.5 million
  • Area: 41,285 km2 (about equal to The Netherlands, or the US states of Massachusetts and Connecticut combined)
  • Languages: German, French, Italian, Rhaeto-Romanic
  • Currency: Swiss franc
  • Tourist high season: late June to August (Summer), late December to March (Winter)
  • Climate: varying from cold Winters and warm Summers in the North, to a Mediterranean climate in the South. Temperatures differ greatly with the elevation.
  • The name of the country is Switzerland, not "Swiss". Products and people are "Swiss", like in this sentence: I purchased Swiss chocolate from a Swiss lady in Switzerland.

Major cities

Main airports

Famous mountains

  • Dufourspitze (4634 m) (highest mountain)
  • Eiger (3970 m)
  • Jungfrau (4158 m)
  • Matterhorn (4478 m)
  • Pilatus (2128 m)
  • Titlis (3238 m)
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