Precision and accurate preparation characterize Swiss cooking. Fresh organic products and herbs are used as much as possible. These products often originate from Switzerland. Swiss cuisine today is mainly based on traditional recipes.
Cheese is used a lot in all sorts of different recipes like fondues and raclette, soups, soufflés, salads and even sweet dishes. Besides cheese, butter and cream are used as well. These dishes were originally prepared for farm workers, in order to offer them a nutritious meal.
Besides cheese, Swiss chocolate is famous too. It's used for desserts, in ice cream and of course however you like!
There are Swiss culinary day tours that allow you to learn a lot about cheese and chocolate within a short time. You can dine on board of trains and boats as well.
Typical Swiss dishes
It is hard to name typical national dishes since the majority of Swiss recipes is formed by the numerous regional specialties. Switzerland is known for its famous national dish called rösti (once a regional dish too): chopped grated potato. It can be found in many different regional varieties, both with and without meat. Common ingredients are bacon, onions, cheese and mushrooms. Some other well known Swiss dishes are:
- Geschnetzeltes: sliced pieces of meat (pork, veal, chicken) served with a sauce and often rösti;
- Cheese fondue: various kinds of Swiss cheese melted in a pot. Pieces of bread will be dipped into the cheese using a long fork;
- Raclette: various kinds of food (bread, mushrooms, meat, potatoes) covered in molten or scalloped cheese. The melting can be done by using small slices of cheese that everyone melts in their own small pan placed on a raclette set. The more classical method is to take a much larger piece of cheese, place it in the holder of a raclette device (which has a heating element), and scrape off the molten cheese from time to time.
The recommended drink along with cheese fondue or raclette is tea, because it stimulates the digestion of the cheese. White wine or beer are common drinks too.
Swiss breakfast: müesli
Müesli is popular for breakfast around the world and for sure in Switzerland. People have been eating wheat based dishes for thousands of years. But it was the Swiss Dr. Bircher-Benner who introduced the modern müesli as a breakfast alternative in 1900: Birchermüesli. There are many variants but common ingredients are rolled oats, milk, yogurt, fruits (e.g. unpeeled apple), nuts and a bit of lemon juice. A nice saying is "Ein Müesli am Morgen vertreibt Kummer und Sorgen": a müesli in the morning expels sorrow and worries.
Swiss beer is not easily available abroad. Beer lovers are advised to visit a local supermarket or liquor store and try some of the really nice beers brewed all over Switzerland. Or visit a local brewery to see how it's done. Some well known brands are Calanda (from the canton of Graubünden), Eichhof (from Lucerne), Feldschlösschen (from Rheinfelden near Basel) and Rugenbräu (from Interlaken), but there's much more.
Tap water in Switzerland is of good quality. It's perfectly safe to drink (unless a warning not to do so is displayed) and it tastes well. There is no need to buy bottled water. You save money and the environment by drinking tap water.
Swiss wine is commonly available throughout the country, but not so much outside of Switzerland. If you love wine, then grab your chance and pick a Swiss wine when going out for dinner. Many local wines are available in the supermarkets too. Most wine originates from the vineyards in the Rhone valley, but it also comes from other parts of Switzerland.
When going out for dinner, you might notice that there are also lots of Italian dishes like pastas and pizzas. It is customary to have a green or mixed salad as the first course. Little or no vegetables are served with the main course. Most restaurants start serving dinner from 5 to 6 PM.
Many restaurants do not only offer typical Swiss dishes, but many types of Western/European food including fries, fish, and vegetarian food. Larger towns also have international restaurants serving Indian, Chinese and other kinds of food. Fast food restaurants are available as well.
Service and VAT are included in the prices. There is no need to tip. In case of good service it is common to round up the amount just a bit, but that is not required at all.
There is no need to worry about getting the food that you prefer. Supermarkets in Switzerland offer a wide variety of good quality food. There is pizza, pasta, fish, meat, Asian food, bread, fruit, vegetables, dairy food and much more. Particularly interesting are the assortments of products you'll probably not find at home: Swiss chocolate, cheese, wine, beer and typical Swiss dishes like rösti (sealed or canned). You may notice that the origination country or region is clearly listed along with the products: many people in Switzerland prefer local organic food, so supermarkets offer a lot of such products.
Supermarkets are opened from at least 8 AM to 6 PM. On Saturdays they usually close a bit earlier than on weekdays. Some are closed on Sundays and many are closed on public holidays. In smaller villages, supermarkets used to close for an hour or two during lunch time, but that's getting rare.
Cheaper Swiss supermarkets:
Convenient stores at train and gas stations:
You can find a wide variety of vegetarian food in all supermarkets. Most restaurants offer at least one vegetarian dish; many offer (much) more than one.